Table 102-4309 1234567
Mortality and potential years of life lost, by selected causes of death and sex, three-year average, Canada, provinces, territories, health regions and peer groups, *Archived*
occasional (number)

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Selected items [Add/Remove data]
Sex 19 = Both sexes
Selected causes of death (ICD-10) 20 = Total, all causes of death [A00-Y89]
Characteristics 4567242526272829 = Number
by Geography; by Indicators; Sex= Both sexes; Selected causes of death (ICD-10)= Total, all causes of death [A00-Y89]; Characteristics= Number
Mortality and potential years of life lost, by selected causes of death and sex, three-year average, Canada, provinces, territories, health regions and peer groups, occasional (number)
Geography 89 Indicators 2000-2002 2005-2007
footnotes
Canada [0] Mortality 2 655,384 683,398
Potential years of life lost 3 4,436,707 4,484,331
Newfoundland and Labrador [10] Mortality 2 11,891 13,456
Potential years of life lost 3 77,139 87,571
Prince Edward Island [11] 10 Mortality 2 3,608 3,430
Potential years of life lost 3 21,193 20,158
Nova Scotia [12] 11 Mortality 2 23,099 24,511
Potential years of life lost 3 137,204 142,104
Nova Scotia by District Health Authority [12] 11 Mortality 2 23,099 24,511
Potential years of life lost 3 137,204 142,104
New Brunswick [13] 12 Mortality 2 18,173 18,480
Potential years of life lost 3 111,549 112,570
Quebec [24] Mortality 2 162,184 166,542
Potential years of life lost 3 1,115,316 1,076,319
Ontario by Health Unit [35] 13 Mortality 2 242,505 250,314
Potential years of life lost 3 1,589,155 1,582,273
Manitoba [46] 15 Mortality 2 29,439 29,527
Potential years of life lost 3 196,166 200,663
Saskatchewan [47] 15 Mortality 2 26,292 26,554
Potential years of life lost 3 159,419 162,679
Alberta [48] 1518 Mortality 2 52,434 56,998
Potential years of life lost 3 449,819 487,521
British Columbia [59] Mortality 2 84,662 92,209
Potential years of life lost 3 559,941 588,234
Yukon [60] Mortality 2 415 531
Potential years of life lost 3 5,402 6,596
Northwest Territories [61] Mortality 2 403 476
Potential years of life lost 3 6,253 7,694
Nunavut [62] Mortality 2 279 370
Potential years of life lost 3 8,150 9,949

Footnotes:

Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and Demography Division (population estimates). The CANSIM table 102-4309 is an update of CANSIM tables 102-0303 and 102-0311.
Mortality is the death rate, which can be measured as total mortality (all causes of death combined) or by selected cause of death. All counts and rates are calculated using the total population (all age groups).
Potential years of life lost (PYLL) is the number of years of potential life not lived when a person dies "prematurely", defined for this indicator as before age 75. All counts and rates in this table are calculated using the population aged 0 to 74.
Counts and rates in this table are based on three consecutive years of death data which were summed and divided by three consecutive years of population data. All rates are per 100,000 population.
Rates are age-standardized using the direct method and the 1991 Canadian Census population structure. The use of a standard population results in more meaningful rate comparisons because it adjusts for variations in population age distributions over time and across geographic areas.
Counts and rates in this table exclude: deaths of non-residents of Canada; deaths of residents of Canada whose province or territory of residence was unknown; deaths for which age of decedent was unknown.
Rates in this table are based on place of residence for indicators derived from death events.
Health regions are administrative areas defined by provincial ministries of health according to provincial legislation. The health regions presented in this table are based on boundaries and names in effect as of December 2007. For complete Canadian coverage, each northern territory represents a health region.
Peer groups are aggregations of health regions that share similar socio-economic and demographic characteristics, based on 2006 Census data. These are useful in the analysis of health regions, where important differences may be detected by comparing health regions within a peer group. The ten peer groups are identified by the letters A through J, which are appended to the health region 4-digit code. Caution should be taken when comparing data for the peer groups over time due to changes in the peer groups. For more information on the peer groups classification, consult Statistics Canada's publication "Health Indicators" (catalogue number 82-221-XWE).
Prince Edward Island restructured and collapsed the four administrative areas into one in November 2005. Statistics Canada and the province chose to present data by the three counties. Although these 3 counties have the same codes as previous health regions (1101, 1102 and 1103) they have a different geography. Therefore sub-provincial data from 2007 or later cannot be compared with data from 2005 or 2003 in this province.
In Nova Scotia, zones are aggregations of the nine district health authorities.
In February 2006 a small boundary change in New Brunswick occurred: Cambridge-Narrows village (population 717) was reassigned from Region 2 to Region 3.
In Ontario, Public Health Units (PHU) administer health promotion and disease prevention programs. Local Health Integration Networks (LHIN) are responsible for planning, funding and administering health care programs and services across the province. Data are provided for both PHUs and LHINs. However, since the weights for the Canadian Community Health Survey sample are primarily based on PHUs, only estimates for rates (percentages) are available by LHIN in the profile. Special LHIN weights are available upon request. These weights will allow for more precise estimation at the LHIN level including the estimation of totals.
Ontario's Muskoka-Parry Sound Health Unit (3545) was dissolved on April 1, 2005 and part of the region was merged with North Bay and District Health Unit (3547) while the rest was merged with Simcoe County District Health Unit (3560). The 2005 survey weights were adjusted to represent these new regions' boundaries. The adjustment has not been made to the 2003 weights since the impact of this change on the quality of 2003 estimates for the two regions is considered to be acceptable.
In Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, health regions are referred to as Health Authorities (HA) or Regional Health Authorities (RHA).
To avoid data suppression, northern regions in Manitoba have been grouped with neighbouring regions, as follows: Churchill Regional Health Authority (4690) is combined with Burntwood Regional Health Authority (4680) and referred to as Burntwood/Churchill (4685).
To avoid data suppression, northern regions in Saskatchewan have been grouped with neighbouring regions, as follows: Athabasca Health Authority (4713) is combined with Mamawetan Churchill River Regional Health Authority (4711) and Keewatin Yatthé Regional Health Authority (4712) and referred to as Mamawetan/Keewatin/Athabasca (4714).
In 2007, the codes in Alberta have been updated to conform with the codes used by Alberta Health and Wellness. The boundaries and health region names did not change.
Missing data on sex of the deceased were imputed based on death registration number.
World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10).
Counts and rates for breast cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C50) were calculated for females only.
Counts and rates for prostate cancer (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) code C61) were calculated for males only.
External causes of unintentional injuries include transport accidents, falls, poisoning, drowning and fires, but not complications of medical and surgical care (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes V01 to X59, Y85 to Y86).
Confidence intervals for age-standardized rates for selected causes of death data were produced using the Spiegelman method. Source: Spiegelman, M., "Introduction to Demography", Revised Edition, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1968, page 113, formula 4.29.
Confidence intervals for crude rates for selected causes of death data were produced using the Fleiss method. Source: Fleiss, JL., "Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions", Second Edition, New York, Wiley and Sons, 1981.
The 95% confidence interval (CI) illustrates the degree of variability associated with a number or a rate.
Wide confidence intervals (CIs) indicate high variability, thus, these numbers or rates should be interpreted and compared with due caution.
Some rates were suppressed (F) due to both a very small underlying count plus extremely high variability.
The following standard symbols are used in this Statistics Canada table: (..) for figures not available for a specific reference period, (...) for figures not applicable and (x) for figures suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
This variable provides direction and statistical significance of the difference between estimates (p < 0.05). A value of +1 means the difference observed is significantly higher, -1 means the difference is significantly lower and 0 means the difference is not statistically significant. For this table, statistical differences are calculated using age-standardized rates only.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table  102-4309 -  Mortality and potential years of life lost, by selected causes of death and sex, three-year average, Canada, provinces, territories, health regions and peer groups, occasional (number unless otherwise noted),  CANSIM (database). (accessed: )
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