Table 111-0015 12691011
Family characteristics, Low Income Measures (LIM), by family type and family type composition
annual (number unless otherwise noted)


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Geography 13 = Canada
Family type composition 291011 = Family types with or without children 29101112
Low Income Measures (LIM) 6 = Before-tax income
by Family type; by Family type characteristics; Geography= Canada; Family type composition= Family types with or without children; Low Income Measures (LIM)= Before-tax income
Family characteristics, Low Income Measures (LIM), by family type and family type composition, annual (number unless otherwise noted)
Family type 291011 Family type characteristics 291011 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
footnotes
All family types 291011 Number in family type 291011 14,714,650 14,888,680 15,120,820 15,299,720 15,529,000
Number of persons 32,425,050 32,700,430 33,087,940 33,399,630 33,784,140
Median total family income (dollars) 45 48,470 49,170 50,610 52,120 53,210
Couple families 9 Number in family type 291011 7,926,210 7,989,380 8,091,960 8,169,080 8,273,180
Number of persons 23,491,120 23,633,900 23,889,320 24,086,920 24,349,900
Median total family income (dollars) 45 75,320 76,950 79,530 81,980 84,080
Lone-parent families 10 Number in family type 291011 1,389,570 1,401,870 1,403,940 1,410,890 1,408,400
Number of persons 3,535,070 3,569,100 3,573,700 3,592,960 3,586,810
Median total family income (dollars) 45 36,100 37,050 37,900 39,350 40,380
Persons not in census families 11 Number in family type 291011 5,398,860 5,497,430 5,624,920 5,719,750 5,847,420
Number of persons 5,398,860 5,497,430 5,624,920 5,719,750 5,847,420
Median total family income (dollars) 45 24,700 24,680 25,660 26,570 27,040
All low income family types 2691011 Number in family type 291011 3,166,940 3,208,950 3,244,940 3,252,230 3,330,490
Number of persons 5,892,410 5,876,100 5,936,130 5,938,160 6,024,540
Median total family income (dollars) 45 13,380 13,970 14,400 14,730 15,070
Low income couple families 69 Number in family type 291011 851,730 839,850 840,780 841,070 852,230
Number of persons 2,678,050 2,625,650 2,631,620 2,625,860 2,647,970
Median total family income (dollars) 45 19,150 19,880 20,580 21,070 21,560
Low income lone-parent families 610 Number in family type 291011 525,450 512,450 523,370 522,120 520,210
Number of persons 1,424,600 1,393,790 1,423,710 1,423,250 1,418,520
Median total family income (dollars) 45 17,260 17,900 18,170 18,840 19,230
Low income persons not in census families 611 Number in family type 291011 1,789,770 1,856,650 1,880,790 1,889,050 1,958,050
Number of persons 1,789,770 1,856,650 1,880,790 1,889,050 1,958,050
Median total family income (dollars) 45 10,950 11,550 11,830 12,150 12,430

Footnotes:

Information on the data source, the historical availability, definitions of the terms used, and the geographies available can be found at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/4105-eng.htm. Because they are based on a different methodology, estimates of the number of Census families presented in this table differ from estimates produced by Demography Division. For questions and comments, contact income@statcan.gc.ca, Income Statistics Division, Client Services, Jean Talon Building, 5th Floor, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6.
Families are comprised of: 1) couples (married or common-law, including same-sex couples) living in the same dwelling with or without children, and 2) single parents (male or female) living with one or more children. Persons who are not matched to a family become persons not in census families. They may be living alone, with a family to whom they are related, with a family to whom they are unrelated or with other persons not in census families. Beginning in 2001, same-sex couples reporting as couples are counted as couple families.
Characteristics such as age are as of December 31 of the reference year.
Family income is the sum of the incomes of all members of the family. A detailed definition of what is included in total income is available from the User's Guide to this series, available at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/4105-eng.htm.
Median is the middle number in a group of numbers. Where a median income, for example, is given as $26,000, it means that exactly half of the incomes reported are greater than or equal to $26,000, and that the other half is less than or equal to the median amount. Starting in 2007, median incomes in the data tables are rounded to the nearest ten dollars (prior to 2007 they were rounded to the nearest hundred dollars). Zero values are not included in the calculation of medians for individuals.
Data for low income families are based on the Low Income Measure (LIM). The LIM is a fixed percentage (50%) of adjusted family income where adjusted indicates a consideration of family needs. The family size adjustment reflects the precept that family needs increase with family size. A family is considered to be low income when their income is below the LIM for their family type and size. An outline of the LIM calculation method is provided in the User's Guide, available at http://www.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/4105-eng.htm.. The procedure for the before-tax LIM and the after-tax LIM is the same but a different income variable is incorporated into each of the calculations. Total income is used for the before-tax LIM while income after taxes is used for the after-tax LIM.
The census metropolitan area (CMA) of Ottawa-Gatineau straddles the provincial borders of Ontario and Quebec. Three census agglomerations (CA) also straddle provincial borders: Campbellton straddles New Brunswick and Quebec, Hawkesbury straddles Ontario and Quebec, and Lloydminster straddles Alberta and Saskatchewan. Data for the combined provincial parts are provided at the end of the list of CMAs and CAs. Prior to 2008, data for the two parts of the Ottawa-Gatineau CMA may be added together to provide a total for the area, with the exception of medians, percentages, indexes and averages.
Saguenay, formerly Chicoutimi-Jonquière ; Greater Subdury, formerly Subdury ; Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, formerly Kitchener ; Abbotsford-Mission, formerly Abbotsford ; Temiskaming Shores, formerly Haileybury.
A couple family consists of a couple living together (married or common-law, including same-sex couples) living at the same address with or without children. Beginning in 2001, same-sex couples reporting as couples are counted as couple families.
A lone-parent family is a family with only one parent, male or female, and with at least one child.
A person not in census families is an individual who is not part of a census family, couple family or lone-parent family. Persons not in census families may live with their married children or with their children who have children of their own. They may be living with a family to whom they are related or unrelated. They may also be living alone or with other non-family persons.
Children are taxfilers or imputed persons in couple and lone-parent families. Taxfiling children do not live with their spouse, have no children of their own and live with their parent(s). Most children are identified from the Canada Child Tax Benefit file, a provincial births file or a previous T1 family file.
The Census Standard Geographical Classification (SGC) is used for data dissemination of the Census Metropolitan Areas and the Census Agglomerations: from 1997 to 2001, SGC 1996; from 2002 to 2006, SGC 2001; from 2007 to 2011, SGC 2006; as of 2012, SGC 2011. Please note that Census Agglomerations were introduced in this CANSIM table in 2008.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table  111-0015 -  Family characteristics, Low Income Measures (LIM), by family type and family type composition, annual (number unless otherwise noted),  CANSIM (database). (accessed: )
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