Table 105-1101 12354
Mental Health Profile, Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health (CCHS), by age group and sex, Canada and provinces
occasional (number)


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Geography = Canada
Age group = Total, 15 years and over
Sex = Both sexes
Characteristics 46474849505152 = Number of persons
by Indicators; Geography= Canada; Age group= Total, 15 years and over; Sex= Both sexes; Characteristics= Number of persons
Mental Health Profile, Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health (CCHS), by age group and sex, Canada and provinces, occasional (number)
Indicators 2 2012
footnotes
Any selected disorder (mental or substance), life 4567891011121314 9,124,009
Any selected disorder (mental or substance), 12 months 46789101112131415 2,764,335
Any mood disorder, life 46716 3,533,368
Any mood disorder, 12 months 46717 1,518,505
Major depressive episode, life 4618 3,184,422
Major depressive episode, 12 months 4619 1,330,510
Bipolar disorder, life 4720 737,701
Bipolar disorder, 12 months 4721 424,877
Generalized anxiety disorder, life 4822 2,448,026
Generalized anxiety disorder, 12 months 4823 721,668
Any substance use disorder (alcohol or drug), life 49101112131424 5,993,675
Any substance use disorder (alcohol or drug), 12 months 49101112131425 1,211,941
Alcohol abuse or dependence, life 491026 5,056,445
Alcohol abuse or dependence, 12 months 491027 885,948
Cannabis abuse or dependence, life 4111228 1,913,302
Cannabis abuse or dependence, 12 months 4111229 368,727
Other drug abuse or dependence (excluding cannabis), life 4131430 1,118,123
Other drug abuse or dependence (excluding cannabis), 12 months 4131431 194,873
Cannabis use, life 32 11,994,142
Cannabis use, 12 months 33 3,429,678
Other drug use (excluding cannabis), life 34 6,322,501
Other drug use (excluding cannabis), 12 months 35 1,800,780
Suicidal thoughts, life 36 3,365,265
Suicidal thoughts, 12 months 37 942,723
Perceived mental health, very good or excellent 38 18,428,903
Perceived mental health, good 38 7,665,150
Perceived mental health, fair or poor 38 2,198,848
Self-rated work stress, days quite a bit or extremely stressful 39 5,414,002
Self-rated work stress, days a bit stressful 39 8,443,518
Self-rated work stress, days not at all or not very stressful 39 6,103,931
Perceived need for mental health care, no need 40 23,262,800
Perceived need for mental health care, all needs met 40 3,279,700
Perceived need for mental health care, needs partially met 40 1,039,356
Perceived need for mental health care, need not met 40 599,040
Mental health services, professional consultation/service used, 12 months 41 3,068,942
Schizophrenia or psychosis, ever received diagnosis 42 358,937
Post-traumatic stress disorder, current diagnosed condition 43 476,129
Eating disorder, current diagnosed condition 44 113,108
Attention deficit disorder, current diagnosed condition 45 744,797

Footnotes:

Source: Statistics Canada, Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health (CCHS), 2012; Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health and Well-being (CCHS), 2002.
The Mental Health Survey covers the population 15 years of age and over living in the ten provinces. Excluded from the survey's coverage are: persons living on reserves and other Aboriginal settlements; full-time members of the Canadian Forces and the institutionalized population. Altogether, these exclusions represent less than 3% of the target population.
All rates in this table are calculated excluding non-response categories ("refusal", "don't know", and "not stated") in the denominator.
The Mental Health Survey is partially based on a modified World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WHO-CIDI). The WHO-CIDI is a standardized instrument for assessment of mental disorders and conditions according to an operationalization of the definitions and criteria of the DSM-IV. DSM-IV refers to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders used by the American Psychiatric Association. It is an internationally recognized classification of mental disorders. Mental conditions or problems are derived from a set of questions pertaining to the feelings, the symptoms, severity, the intensity and the impact relative to each of the measured disorders.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for any of the measured disorders (major depressive episode, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, alcohol dependence, alcohol abuse, cannabis dependence, cannabis abuse, other drug dependence (excluding cannabis), other drug abuse (excluding cannabis)) in their lifetime.
Major depressive episode requires at least one episode of 2 weeks or more with persistent depressed mood and loss of interest or pleasure in normal activities, accompanied by problems such as decreased energy, changes in sleep and appetite, impaired concentration and feelings of guilt, hopelessness, or suicidal thoughts.
Bipolar disorder includes respondents who meet the criteria for bipolar I disorder or hypomanic episode, which includes bipolar II disorder. It is characterised by at least 7 days (or fewer if hospitalized) of exaggerated feelings of elevated or irritable mood plus a certain number and combination of other manic symptoms such as racing thoughts, talking more than usual, excessive spending, decreased need for sleep, increased pleasure seeking activity, or exaggerated self-confidence. Many people also experience at least one depressive episode.
Generalized anxiety disorder is characterised by a pattern of frequent, persistent worry and excessive anxiety about several events or activities during a period of at least 6 months. Symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder include restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge, being easily fatigued, difficulty concentrating, irritability, muscle tension, shakiness, sleep disturbance (difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep or restless, unsatisfying sleep), excessive sweating, palpitations, shortness of breath, and various gastrointestinal symptoms.
Alcohol dependence is characterized by a recurrent pattern of use where at least three of the following occur in the same period of 12 month period: increased tolerance, withdrawal, increased consumption, unsuccessful attempts to quit, a lot of time lost recovering or using, reduced activities, and continued drinking despite persistent physical or psychological problems caused or intensified by alcohol.
Alcohol abuse is characterized by a recurrent pattern of use where at least one of the following occurs: failure to fulfill major roles at work, school or home, use in physically hazardous situations, recurrent alcohol related problems, or continued use despite social or interpersonal problems caused or intensified by alcohol. By definition, respondents who meet the criteria for alcohol dependence are excluded from meeting the criteria for alcohol abuse.
Cannabis dependence is characterized by a recurrent pattern of use where at least three of the following occur in the same period of 12 month period: increased tolerance, withdrawal, increased consumption, unsuccessful attempts to quit, a lot of time lost recovering or using, reduced activities, and continued use despite persistent physical or psychological problems caused or intensified by cannabis use.
Cannabis abuse is characterized by a recurrent pattern of use where at least one of the following occurs: failure to fulfill major roles at work, school or home, use in physically hazardous situations, recurrent cannabis related problems, or continued use despite social or interpersonal problems caused or intensified by cannabis use. By definition, respondents who meet the criteria for cannabis dependence are excluded from meeting the criteria for cannabis abuse.
Other drug dependence (excluding cannabis) is characterized by a recurrent pattern of use where at least three of the following occur in the same period of 12 month period: increased tolerance, withdrawal, increased consumption, unsuccessful attempts to quit, a lot of time lost recovering or using, reduced activities, and continued use despite persistent physical or psychological problems caused or intensified by drug use.
Other drug abuse (excluding cannabis) is characterized by a recurrent pattern of use where at least one of the following occurs: failure to fulfill major roles at work, school or home, use in physically hazardous situations, recurrent cannabis related problems, or continued use despite social or interpersonal problems caused or intensified by drug use. By definition, respondents who meet the criteria for other drug dependence are excluded from meeting the criteria for other drug abuse.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for any of the measured disorders (major depressive episode, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, alcohol dependence, alcohol abuse, cannabis dependence, cannabis abuse, other drug dependence (excluding cannabis), other drug abuse (excluding cannabis)) in the 12 months prior to interview.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for either of the measured mood disorders (major depressive episode, bipolar disorder) in their lifetime.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for either of the measured mood disorders (major depressive episode, bipolar disorder) in the 12 months prior to interview.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for major depressive episode in their lifetime.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria major depressive episode in the 12 months prior to interview.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for bipolar disorder in their lifetime.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for bipolar disorder in the 12 months prior to interview.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for generalized anxiety disorder in their lifetime.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for generalized anxiety disorder in the 12 months prior to interview.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for any of the measured substance use disorders (alcohol dependence, alcohol abuse, cannabis dependence, cannabis abuse, other drug dependence (excluding cannabis), other drug abuse (excluding cannabis)) in their lifetime.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for any of the measured substance use disorders (alcohol dependence, alcohol abuse, cannabis dependence, cannabis abuse, other drug dependence (excluding cannabis), other drug abuse (excluding cannabis)) in the 12 months prior to interview.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence in their lifetime.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for alcohol abuse or dependence in the 12 months prior to the interview.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for cannabis abuse or dependence in their lifetime.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for cannabis abuse or dependence in the 12 months prior to the interview.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for other drug abuse or dependence (excluding cannabis) in their lifetime. Other drugs include substances such as club drugs, heroin, solvents, other illicit drugs and nonmedical use of prescription sedatives, analgesics, or stimulants.
Population aged 15 and over classified as meeting criteria for other drug abuse or dependence (excluding cannabis) in the 12 months prior to the interview. Other drugs include substances such as club drugs, heroin, solvents, other illicit drugs and nonmedical use of prescription sedatives, analgesics, or stimulants.
Population aged 15 and over who reported using cannabis or hashish at least once in their lifetime.
Population aged 15 and over who reported using cannabis or hashish at least once in the 12 months prior to the interview.
Population aged 15 and over who have used an other illicit drug (excluding cannabis) or have used a medicine nonmedically at least once in their lifetime. Other drugs include substances such as club drugs, heroin, solvents, other illicit drugs and nonmedical use of prescription sedatives, analgesics, or stimulants.
Population aged 15 and over who have used an other illicit drug (excluding cannabis) or have used a medicine nonmedically at least once in the 12 months prior to the interview. Other drugs include substances such as club drugs, heroin, solvents, other illicit drugs and nonmedical use of prescription sedatives, analgesics, or stimulants.
Population aged 15 and over who ever thought about committing suicide or taking their own life.
Population aged 15 and over who thought about committing suicide or taking their own life in the 12 months prior to interview.
Population aged 15 and over who reported perceiving their own mental health status as being either excellent, very good, good, fair or poor. Perceived mental health refers to the perception of a person's mental health in general.
Population aged 15 to 75 inclusive who report having worked in the 12 months prior to interview and responded to the question: "Would you say that most days at work were: not at all stressful, not very stressful, a bit stressful, quite a bit stressful, extremely stressful?" The self-rated stress question refers to the person's main job or business.
Population aged 15 and over who reported having or not having a perceived need for mental health care (information, medication, counselling, other) in the 12 months prior to interview. Respondents are grouped into one of four categories based on whether a need was reported, and if so, whether their needs were met, partially met, or unmet.
Population aged 15 and over who report having consulted a professional or utilized a professional service in the 12 months prior to interview for problems with emotions, mental health, or use of alcohol or drugs. Professionals included are psychiatrists, family doctors and general practitioners, psychologists, nurses, social workers, counsellors, and psychotherapists. Professional services include hospitalization and online therapy.
Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have ever been diagnosed by a health professional with schizophrenia or psychosis.
Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as currently having post-traumatic stress disorder.
Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as currently having an eating disorder.
Population aged 15 and over who reported that they have been diagnosed by a health professional as currently having attention deficit disorder.
Bootstrapping techniques were used to produce the coefficient of variation (CV) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).
Data with a coefficient of variation (CV) from 16.6% to 33.3% are identified as follows: (E) use with caution.
Data with a coefficient of variation (CV) greater than 33.3% were suppressed due to extreme sampling variability and are identified as follows: (F) too unreliable to be published.
The following standard symbols are used in this Statistics Canada table: (..) for figures not available for a specific reference period and (...) for figures not applicable.
The confidence interval illustrates the degree of variability associated with a rate. Wide confidence intervals indicate high variability, thus, these rates should be interpreted with due caution. When comparing estimates, it is important to use confidence intervals to determine if differences between values are statistically significant.
Percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth. Numbers are rounded to the nearest unit.
For the 2012 dataset, the 2006 Census population counts have been used to produce the population projection counts. These counts are used to ensure that the Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental health survey weights and resulting estimates included in this CANSIM table are consistent with known population totals. For 2002, 1996 Census population counts were used. Evaluation studies have confirmed that the impact of this change on CCHS estimates should be minimal.
This variable provides direction and statistical significance of the difference between estimates (p less than 0.05). A value of +1 means the difference observed is significantly higher, -1 means the difference is significantly lower and 0 means the difference is not statistically significant.
The 2012 data for 19 variables at the Atlantic Provinces and/or Prairie Provinces levels have been corrected. Data at the province and Canada level were not affected. The 19 corrected variables are: Any selected disorder (mental or substance), life; Any selected disorder (mental or substance), 12 months; Any mood disorder, life; Major depressive episode, life; Generalized anxiety disorder, life; Any substance use disorder (alcohol or drug), life; Any substance use disorder (alcohol or drug), 12 months; Alcohol abuse or dependence, life; Alcohol abuse or dependence, 12 months; Cannabis use, life; Self-rated work stress, days a bit stressful; Self-rated work stress, days not at all or not very stressful; Perceived need for mental health care, no need; Perceived need for mental health care, all needs met; Perceived mental health, very good or excellent; Perceived mental health, good; Post-traumatic stress disorder, current diagnosed condition; Eating disorder, current diagnosed condition; and Attention deficit disorder, current diagnosed condition.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table  105-1101 -  Mental Health Profile, Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health (CCHS), by age group and sex, Canada and provinces, occasional (number unless otherwise noted),  CANSIM (database). (accessed: )
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