Table 202-0807 128910
Persistence of low income, by selected characteristics, *Terminated*
every 3 years


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Geography = Canada
Years in low income = 0 years in low income
by Low income lines; by Statistics; by Selected characteristics; Geography= Canada; Years in low income= 0 years in low income
Persistence of low income, by selected characteristics, every 3 years
Low income lines Statistics Selected characteristics 1993-1998 1996-2001 1999-2004 2002-2007 2005-2010
footnotes
Low income cut-offs after tax, 1992 base 3 Percentage of persons in low income All age groups 75.5A(T) 74.6A(T) 80.0A(T) 80.0A(T) 82.7A(T)
Both sexes 75.5A(T) 74.6A(T) 80.0A(T) 80.0A(T) 82.7A(T)
All education levels 76.3A(T) 75.5A(T) 80.5A(T) 80.5A(T) 82.8A(T)
Number of persons in low income (x 1,000) All age groups 18,417A(T) 18,396A(T) 18,228A(T) 19,581A(T) 19,458A(T)
Both sexes 18,417A(T) 18,396A(T) 18,228A(T) 19,581A(T) 19,458A(T)
All education levels 14,725A(T) 14,742A(T) 14,416A(T) 15,627A(T) 15,690A(T)
Low income cut-offs before tax, 1992 base 4 Percentage of persons in low income All age groups 70.1A(T) 69.3A(T) 75.0A(T) 74.6A(T) 77.8A(T)
Both sexes 70.1A(T) 69.3A(T) 75.0A(T) 74.6A(T) 77.8A(T)
All education levels 70.6A(T) 70.0A(T) 75.5A(T) 75.3A(T) 77.9A(T)
Number of persons in low income (x 1,000) All age groups 17,103A(T) 17,088A(T) 17,098A(T) 18,265A(T) 18,295A(T)
Both sexes 17,103A(T) 17,088A(T) 17,098A(T) 18,265A(T) 18,295A(T)
All education levels 13,641A(T) 13,668A(T) 13,509A(T) 14,606A(T) 14,759A(T)
Low income measure after tax 11 Percentage of persons in low income All age groups 76.5A(T) 75.0A(T) 77.4A(T) 76.4A(T) 77.2A(T)
Both sexes 76.5A(T) 75.0A(T) 77.4A(T) 76.4A(T) 77.2A(T)
All education levels 77.6A(T) 76.2A(T) 78.3A(T) 77.1A(T) 77.3A(T)
Number of persons in low income (x 1,000) All age groups 18,681A(T) 18,487A(T) 17,644A(T) 18,701A(T) 18,149A(T)
Both sexes 18,681A(T) 18,487A(T) 17,644A(T) 18,701A(T) 18,149A(T)
All education levels 14,992A(T) 14,887A(T) 14,013A(T) 14,950A(T) 14,651A(T)
Market basket measure, 2011 base 12 Percentage of persons in low income All age groups  (T)  (T)  (T) 77.8A(T) 79.1A(T)
Both sexes  (T)  (T)  (T) 77.8A(T) 79.1A(T)
All education levels  (T)  (T)  (T) 78.8A(T) 79.7A(T)
Number of persons in low income (x 1,000) All age groups  (T)  (T)  (T) 19,039A(T) 18,615A(T)
Both sexes  (T)  (T)  (T) 19,039A(T) 18,615A(T)
All education levels  (T)  (T)  (T) 15,287A(T) 15,099A(T)

Symbol legend:

   (T) 
Series is Terminated

Footnotes:

Source: Income Statistics Division, Statistics Canada
The Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics sample is composed of panels which are surveyed for a period of six consecutive years. A new panel is introduced every three years. The data refer to six consecutive years of the panel. Characteristics shown are at the first year of the panel.
After-tax low income cut-offs (1992 base) were determined from an analysis of the 1992 Family Expenditure Survey data. These income limits were selected on the basis that families with incomes below these limits usually spent 63.6% or more of their income on food, shelter and clothing. Low income cut-offs were differentiated by community size of residence and family size.
Before-tax low income cut-offs (1992 base) were determined from an analysis of the 1992 Family Expenditure Survey data. These income limits were selected on the basis that families with incomes below these limits usually spent 54.7% or more of their income on food, shelter and clothing. Low income cut-offs were differentiated by community size of residence and family size.
Includes all persons under 16 years of age.
Includes university certificate or diploma below Bachelor's.
Excludes university certificate or diploma below Bachelor's.
Persistence of low income refers to the duration, in years, that a person remains in low income.
Data quality indicators are based on the coefficient of variation (CV) and number of observations. Quality indicators indicate the following: A - Excellent (CV between 0% and 2%); B - Very good (CV between 2% and 4%); C - Good (CV between 4% and 8%); D - Acceptable (CV between 8% and 16%); E - Use with caution (CV greater than or equal to 16%).
This table includes estimates only for those persons who provided income information for the six year period. As a result, the total number of persons in this table is less than the totals in other tables.
Low income measures (LIMs), are relative measures of low income, set at 50% of adjusted median household income. These measures are categorized according to the number of persons present in the household, reflecting the economies of scale inherent in household size.
The Market Basket Measure (MBM) attempts to measure a standard of living that is a compromise between subsistence and social inclusion. It also reflects differences in living costs across regions. The MBM represents the cost of a basket that includes: a nutritious diet, clothing and footwear, shelter, transportation, and other necessary goods and services (such as personal care items or household supplies). The cost of the basket is compared to disposable income for each family to determine low income rates. Following a review by Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, the shelter component of the MBM thresholds along with the disposable income definition have been revised. The revision takes effect in 2011 and includes an historical revision back to 2002 (the first year in which housing tenure information is available in SLID). See Statistics Canada Income Research Paper (75F0002M) Low Income Lines, 2011-2012 for details.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table  202-0807 -  Persistence of low income, by selected characteristics, every 3 years,  CANSIM (database). (accessed: )
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