Table 204-0001 1234
High income trends of tax filers in Canada, provinces, territories and census metropolitan areas (CMA), national thresholds
annual (percent unless otherwise noted)


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Geography = Canada
Income concepts = Total income 11
Income groups = Top 1 percent income group
by Statistics; Geography= Canada; Income concepts= Total income; Income groups= Top 1 percent income group
High income trends of tax filers in Canada, provinces, territories and census metropolitan areas (CMA), national thresholds, annual (percent unless otherwise noted)
Statistics 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
footnotes
Threshold value (current dollars) 413 201,400 209,600 215,700 222,000 227,100
Number of tax filers (persons) 254,730 258,465 261,365 264,980 268,505
Percentage, males 79.1 78.9 78.7 78.0 78.3
Percentage, females 20.9 21.1 21.3 22.0 21.7
Percentage married or in common-law relationship 82.7 82.6 82.3 81.9 81.5
Percentage married or in common-law relationship, males 86.7 86.6 86.3 85.9 85.5
Percentage married or in common-law relationship, females 67.7 67.7 67.8 67.7 67.3
Median age (years) 51 52 52 52 52
Median income (current dollars) 4 283,400 293,300 299,000 306,800 313,200
Average income (current dollars) 4 429,600 443,500 445,200 456,100 466,700
Share of income 14 10.6 10.6 10.3 10.3 10.3
Share of income, males 15 8.7 8.7 8.4 8.3 8.3
Share of income, females 15 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0
Median federal and provincial or territorial income taxes paid (current dollars) 4 90,100 93,200 94,400 97,700 101,800
Average federal and provincial or territorial income taxes paid (current dollars) 4 142,900 146,600 147,600 152,300 159,500
Share of federal and provincial or territorial income taxes paid 16 21.2 20.8 20.3 20.3 20.5
Percentage of income from wages and salaries 63.9 64.5 63.4 62.6 64.4
Percentage of income from wages and salaries, males 66.9 67.8 66.6 66.3 67.8
Percentage of income from wages and salaries, females 50.2 49.8 48.9 47.8 49.5
Percentage in the same quantile last year 1718 72.1 72.8 72.4 72.2 72.1
Percentage in the same quantile five years ago 1718 52.7 52.0 52.1 51.8 51.5
Percentage in top 5 percentiles last year 18 94.1 93.9 93.6 93.3 93.9
Percentage in top 5 percentiles five years ago 18 84.9 85.3 85.3 84.7 84.3
Percentage in top 5 percentiles at least once during the preceding five-year period 19 96.9 96.7 96.4 96.1 96.5
Percentage always in top 5 percentiles during the preceding five-year period 20 80.4 80.0 80.0 79.1 79.5

Footnotes:

Statistics in this table are based on always ranking tax filers within the national (Canada-wide) income distribution. Please see CANSIM table 204-0002 for statistics based on ranking tax filers within the income distribution of a specific geographic area.
While there is no standard definition of high income, this table provides statistics based on several thresholds employed in previous research to identify high income persons. For an example, see Brian Murphy, Paul Roberts, and Michael Wolfson (2007): "A profile of high-income Canadians 1982 to 2004". Income Research Paper Series, Catalogue no. 75F0002MIE -- No. 006, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario (http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/75f0002m/75f0002m2007006-eng.pdf).
The Longitudinal Administrative Databank (LAD) is a 20% random sample of Canadian tax filers. Since not all individuals file income tax returns and a small portion of filers decease every year, statistics contained in this table should be interpreted in the context of living tax filers, not the entire population. The sample is restricted to persons who filed a tax return and resided inside Canada with a known geographic location. Further restrictions are imposed for the dynamic statistics (see footnotes 17, 18, 19, 20).
The income threshold, the median and average income and income taxes in the table are all expressed in current dollars. Users who wish to compare these statistics over time may need to convert them into constant dollar values by using, for example, the annual All-items Consumer Price Index (CANSIM table 326-0021).
These include the Northwest Territories, the Yukon Territories and Nunavut. Data for Nunavut became available in 1998.
A census metropolitan area (CMA) is a large urban area (known as urban core) together with adjacent urban and rural areas (known as urban and rural fringe) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban cores. A CMA has an urban core population of at least 100,000.
The table provides data for all census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and for selected individual CMAs that have existed since 1982.
Formerly Chicoutimi-Jonquière.
Formerly Sudbury.
Formerly Ottawa-Hull.
The income concepts in the Longitudinal Administrative Databank (LAD) are based on available information from the federal and provincial income tax forms. Generally, market income consists of income from earnings, investments, pensions, spousal support payments and other taxable income. Total (or before-tax) income is equal to market income plus government transfers and refundable tax credits. After-tax income is equal to total income minus federal and provincial income taxes.
Capital gains (or losses) occur when there is a disposition or deemed disposition of investment property.
An income threshold is used to classify tax filers into their respective income groups. This is the level of income that divides the top portion of an income distribution from the bottom portion. For example, the threshold for the top 1% and for the bottom 99% is the 99th percentile. Similarly the threshold for the top half and the bottom half of filers is the median or the 50th percentile of the income distribution.
The share of income measures the concentration of income within a group of tax filers. It tells how much of the income of a given geographic unit is held by those who belong to a given income group within the geographic area.
The share of income by sex splits the overall share of income of a group of tax filers (see footnote 14) into the share of men and the share of women within the selected geographic unit.
This is the share of income taxes (federal and provincial or territorial) borne by different income groups of tax filers. The numerator is the total income tax paid by tax filers within a given income group and geographic unit (Canada, province or census metropolitan area), while the denominator is the total income taxes paid by all filers from the same geographic unit.
The percentage staying in the same quantile provides a measure of persistence for filers from different income groups. For filers from a high income group, it measures high income persistence. For filers from a non-high income group, it measures persistence of non-high income.
Notice that a tax filer must be observed in both sampling years for the persistence and mobility statistics (see footnote 3 for general sampling restrictions). Notice also that all dynamic statistics were generated under the same cross-sectional thresholds as for the rest of the table.
This is the share of tax filers who entered into the top 5% of the income distribution at least once in the previous five years. It provides a measure of access to the top 5 percentiles of the income distribution for a given income group from a given geographic area. The sample for this statistics is restricted to those who filed an income tax return in the current year as well as in each of the preceding five years (see footnote 3 for general sampling restrictions). Notice also that all dynamic statistics were generated under the same cross-sectional thresholds as for the rest of the table.
This is the share of tax filers who remained in the top 5% of the Canadian income distribution every year in the previous five years. It provides a measure of duration of staying in the top 5 percentiles of the income distribution. The sample for this statistics is restricted to those who filed an income tax return in the current year as well as in each of the preceding five years (see footnote 3 for general sampling restrictions). Notice also that all dynamic statistics were generated under the same cross-sectional thresholds as for the rest of the table.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table  204-0001 -  High income trends of tax filers in Canada, provinces, territories and census metropolitan areas (CMA), national thresholds, annual (percent unless otherwise noted),  CANSIM (database). (accessed: )
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