Table 206-0031 1239
Upper income limit, income share and average of market, total and after-tax income by economic family type and income decile, Canada and provinces
annual


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Geography = Canada
Income concept 6 = After-tax income
Statistics = Average income (2015 constant dollars)
by Economic family type; by Income decile; Geography= Canada; Income concept= After-tax income; Statistics= Average income (2015 constant dollars)
Upper income limit, income share and average of market, total and after-tax income by economic family type and income decile, Canada and provinces, annual
Economic family type Income decile 7 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
footnotes
Economic families and persons not in an economic family Total deciles 65,900A 67,300A 68,400A 68,700A 69,100A
Lowest decile 8 9,700B 9,400B 9,200C 9,400C 9,200B
Second decile 20,800A 21,500A 21,900A 22,100A 21,400A
Third decile 29,900A 30,500A 31,400A 31,500A 30,900A
Fourth decile 38,800A 39,500A 40,400A 40,600A 40,200A
Fifth decile 48,200A 49,200A 49,800A 50,600A 50,400A
Sixth decile 58,700A 60,300A 60,700A 61,900A 62,100A
Seventh decile 71,700A 73,200A 73,800A 75,100A 75,500A
Eighth decile 88,400A 90,000A 90,800A 91,900A 92,600A
Ninth decile 112,000A 113,000A 116,400A 115,700A 117,400A
Highest decile 180,500A 186,100A 189,100A 188,500A 191,500A
Economic families 4 Total deciles 84,400A 86,200A 87,200A 88,200A 88,900A
Lowest decile 8 23,100B 22,100B 22,700B 23,300B 23,200A
Second decile 37,900A 38,500A 38,900A 39,800A 39,600A
Third decile 48,100A 49,000A 49,100A 50,400A 50,400A
Fourth decile 57,400A 59,100A 58,800A 60,700A 60,800A
Fifth decile 67,500A 69,500A 69,400A 71,000A 71,500A
Sixth decile 78,500A 80,500A 80,500A 82,500A 82,900A
Seventh decile 91,600A 93,300A 93,800A 95,300A 96,000A
Eighth decile 107,200A 108,600A 110,800A 111,200A 112,600A
Ninth decile 129,900A 131,400A 135,800A 134,500A 136,500A
Highest decile 203,000A 210,100A 212,300A 212,900A 216,000A
Persons not in an economic family 5 Total deciles 32,700A 33,600A 35,000A 34,500A 34,400A
Lowest decile 8 4,200D 4,100D 3,200D 3,700E 3,800D
Second decile 12,400B 12,500B 12,500B 12,700B 12,200B
Third decile 17,000A 17,500A 18,100A 18,000A 17,500A
Fourth decile 20,300A 21,500A 22,000A 21,800A 21,100A
Fifth decile 24,300A 25,800A 26,400A 26,600A 25,500A
Sixth decile 29,800A 31,000A 32,200A 31,800A 31,200A
Seventh decile 35,900A 36,700A 38,300A 37,700A 37,300A
Eighth decile 43,100A 44,100A 45,800A 45,500A 45,000A
Ninth decile 53,600A 55,000A 57,300A 57,200A 57,300A
Highest decile 86,900B 87,700B 94,100B 90,000B 92,900B

Symbol legend:

E
Use with caution

Footnotes:

Source: Income Statistics Division, Statistics Canada
Data quality indicators are based on the coefficient of variation (CV) and number of observations. Quality indicators indicate the following: A - Excellent (CV between 0% and 2%); B - Very good (CV between 2% and 4%); C - Good (CV between 4% and 8%); D - Acceptable (CV between 8% and 16%); E - Use with caution (CV greater than or equal to 16%).
Estimates are based on data from the following surveys: the Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF) from 1976 to 1992, a combination of the SCF and the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID) from 1993 to 1997, the SLID from 1998 to 2011 and the Canadian Income Survey (CIS) beginning in 2012. For more information, see Statistics Canada, 2015, "Revisions to 2006 to 2011 income data", Income Research Paper Series, Cat. no. 75F0002MIE - No. 003. Also, two previous revisions of income data are described in Cotton, Cathy, 2000, "Bridging Two Surveys: An Integrated Series of Income Data from SCF and SLID 1989-1997", Statistics Canada, Cat. No. 75F0002MIE - No. 002, and Lathe, Heather, 2005, "Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics: 2003 Historical Revision", Statistics Canada, Cat. No. 75F0002MIE - No. 009.
An economic family refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship.
A person not in an economic family is a person living either alone or with others to whom he or she is unrelated, such as roommates or a lodger.
The concept of income covers income received while a resident of Canada or as relevant for income tax purposes in Canada. Market income is the sum of earnings (from employment and net self-employment), net investment income, private retirement income, and the items under other income. It is also called income before taxes and transfers. Total income refers to income from all sources including government transfers and before deduction of federal and provincial income taxes. It may also be called income before tax (but after transfers). After-tax income is total income less income tax. It may also be called income after tax.
All the units of the population, whether economic families or persons not in an economic family, are ranked from lowest to highest by the value of their household income of a specified income concept. Then, the ranked population is divided into ten groups of equal numbers of units, called deciles.
Quality indicators should be interpreted with caution for estimates in the lower deciles. The coefficient of variation, the basis for the quality indicators, does not necessarily indicate the degree of variation in the sample when most or all of the values in the decile equal zero.
Estimates from the Survey of Consumer Finances include income data for persons aged 15 years and over. Estimates from the Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics and the Canadian Income Survey include income data for persons aged 16 years and over.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table  206-0031 -  Upper income limit, income share and average of market, total and after-tax income by economic family type and income decile, Canada and provinces, annual,  CANSIM (database). (accessed: )
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