Table 282-0135 123
Labour force survey estimates (LFS), by census metropolitan area based on 2011 Census boundaries, 3-month moving average, seasonally adjusted and unadjusted
monthly


Data table

The data below is a part of CANSIM table  282-0135.  Use the  Add/Remove data  tab to customize your table.

Selected items [Add/Remove data]
Labour force characteristics = Unemployment rate (percent) 10
Statistics = Estimate
Data type = Seasonally adjusted
by Geography; Labour force characteristics= Unemployment rate (percent); Statistics= Estimate; Data type= Seasonally adjusted
Labour force survey estimates (LFS), by census metropolitan area based on 2011 Census boundaries, 3-month moving average, seasonally adjusted and unadjusted, monthly
Geography 4 2015 2016
December January February March April
footnotes
Canada 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.2 7.2
Newfoundland and Labrador 13.6 14.0 14.3 13.9 13.2
St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador [10001] 6.4 6.7 7.6 7.4 7.5
Prince Edward Island 10.0 9.9 10.1 10.5 11.2
Nova Scotia 8.4 8.6 8.8 8.9 8.8
Halifax, Nova Scotia [12205] 6.2 6.5 6.8 7.2 7.0
New Brunswick 8.8 8.9 9.3 9.8 9.9
Moncton, New Brunswick [13305] 6.2 6.2 6.6 6.9 7.2
Saint John, New Brunswick [13310] 7.9 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.4
Quebec 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.6 7.5
Saguenay, Quebec [24408] 7.4 7.6 8.5 9.1 10.0
Québec, Quebec [24421] 4.9 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.5
Sherbrooke, Quebec [24433] 6.6 6.6 6.9 7.0 7.3
Trois-Rivières, Quebec [24442] 7.3 7.3 6.6 6.3 6.5
Montréal, Quebec [24462] 8.7 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.4
Ontario 6.8 6.8 6.7 6.8 6.8
Ottawa-Gatineau, Ontario/Quebec [24505 35505] 6.2 6.3 6.5 6.8 7.0
Ottawa-Gatineau, Quebec part, Ontario/Quebec [24505] 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.6 6.6
Ottawa-Gatineau, Ontario part, Ontario/Quebec [35505] 6.3 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.1
Kingston, Ontario [35521] 6.4 6.3 6.0 6.0 6.3
Peterborough, Ontario [35529] 5 7.6 6.7 6.0 4.3 3.2
Oshawa, Ontario [35532] 6.9 6.4 6.1 6.1 6.0
Toronto, Ontario [35535] 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.5
Hamilton, Ontario [35537] 5.9 6.4 6.1 5.9 5.4
St. Catharines-Niagara, Ontario [35539] 8.0 8.6 8.5 8.3 7.5
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo, Ontario [35541] 6.4 6.5 6.2 6.0 5.6
Brantford, Ontario [35543] 4.9 5.8 5.8 6.9 7.2
Guelph, Ontario [35550] 4.2 4.0 3.9 4.4 4.8
London, Ontario [35555] 6.1 5.8 6.4 6.6 7.3
Windsor, Ontario [35559] 9.7 9.3 7.7 7.0 6.4
Barrie, Ontario [35568] 6.4 6.4 6.7 7.6 7.9
Greater Sudbury, Ontario [35580] 8.4 8.6 8.3 8.6 8.6
Thunder Bay, Ontario [35595] 5.8 6.5 7.1 7.6 7.5
Manitoba 5.8 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.1
Winnipeg, Manitoba [46602] 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.3
Saskatchewan 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.9 6.1
Regina, Saskatchewan [47705] 4.2 4.3 4.6 5.0 5.4
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan [47725] 6.4 6.1 6.3 6.4 7.1
Alberta 6.8 7.1 7.4 7.4 7.4
Calgary, Alberta [48825] 7.0 7.7 8.4 8.6 8.3
Edmonton, Alberta [48835] 6.3 6.5 6.8 6.9 7.0
British Columbia 6.5 6.5 6.7 6.6 6.3
Kelowna, British Columbia [59915] 5 6.8 7.6 8.1 8.3 8.1
Abbotsford-Mission, British Columbia [59932] 7.6 7.3 7.1 7.0 6.9
Vancouver, British Columbia [59933] 5.7 5.7 6.1 6.3 6.0
Victoria, British Columbia [59935] 6.1 5.8 5.8 6.0 6.2

Footnotes:

The Labour force survey collection of tables, starting with number 282-, is large with many possible cross-tabulations for the 10 provinces and other geographic regions. To ensure respondent's confidentiality, detailed data are suppressed. Data for Canada, Quebec, Ontario, Alberta and British Columbia are suppressed if the estimate is below 1,500, for Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Manitoba and Saskatchewan, if the estimate is below 500, and for Prince Edward Island, under 200. For suppression levels within census metropolitan areas (CMAs) and economic regions (ERs), use the respective provincial suppression levels above. While suppressing to protect respondent confidentiality has the added effect of blocking-out the lowest-quality LFS data, some remaining non-suppressed data in these very large LFS CANSIM tables may be of insufficient quality to allow for accurate interpretation. Please be warned that the more detailed your LFS CANSIM download, the smaller the sample size upon which your LFS estimates will be based, and the greater the risk of downloading poorer quality data.
Fluctuations in economic time series are caused by seasonal, cyclical and irregular movements. A seasonally adjusted series is one from which seasonal movements have been eliminated. Seasonal movements are defined as those which are caused by regular annual events such as climate, holidays, vacation periods and cycles related to crops, production and retail sales associated with Christmas and Easter. It should be noted that the seasonally adjusted series contain irregular as well as longer-term cyclical fluctuations. The seasonal adjustment program is a complicated computer program which differentiates between these seasonal, cyclical and irregular movements in a series over a number of years and, on the basis of past movements, estimates appropriate seasonal factors for current data. On an annual basis, the historic series of seasonally adjusted data are revised in light of the most recent information on changes in seasonality.
For more information on seasonal adjustment see Seasonally adjusted data - Frequently asked questions.
A census metropolitan area (CMA) is a large population centre (known as core) together with adjacent fringe and rural areas that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the cores. A CMA has a population of at least 100,000.
From 2001 to 2014, due to a slightly smaller sample size relative to other CMAs, the unemployment level and rate in Kelowna and Peterborough has more sampling variability, and should therefore be interpreted with caution.
Number of persons of working age, 15 years of age and over. Estimates in thousands, rounded to the nearest hundred.
Number of civilian, non-institutionalized persons 15 years of age and over who, during the reference week, were employed or unemployed. Estimates in thousands, rounded to the nearest hundred.
Number of persons who, during the reference week, worked for pay or profit, or performed unpaid family work or had a job but were not at work due to own illness or disability, personal or family responsibilities, labour dispute, vacation, or other reason. Those persons on layoff and persons without work but who had a job to start at a definite date in the future are not considered employed. Estimates in thousands, rounded to the nearest hundred.
Number of persons who, during the reference week, were without work, had looked for work in the past four weeks, and were available for work. Those persons on layoff or who had a new job to start in four weeks or less are considered unemployed. Estimates in thousands, rounded to the nearest hundred.
The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force. The unemployment rate for a particular group (age, sex and marital status) is the number unemployed in that group expressed as a percentage of the labour force for that group. Estimates are percentages, rounded to the nearest tenth.
The participation rate is the number of labour force participants expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over. The participation rate for a particular group (age, sex and marital status) is the number of labour force participants in that group expressed as a percentage of the population for that group. Estimates are percentages, rounded to the nearest tenth.
The employment rate (formerly the employment/population ratio) is the number of persons employed expressed as a percentage of the population 15 years of age and over. The employment rate for a particular group (age, sex and marital status) is the number employed in that group expressed as a percentage of the population for that group. Estimates are percentages, rounded to the nearest tenth.
The standard error (SE) of an estimate is an indicator of the variability associated with this estimate, as the estimate is based on a sample rather than the entire population. The SE can be used to construct confidence intervals and calculate coefficients of variation (CVs). The confidence interval can be built by adding the SE to an estimate in order to determine the upper limit of this interval, and by subtracting the same amount from the estimate to determine the lower limit. The CV can be calculated by dividing the SE by the estimate. See Section 7 of the Guide to the Labour Force Survey for more information. The standard errors presented in this table are the average of the standard errors for 12 previous months, and are updated twice a year, in February and August.
The standard error (SE) for the month-to-month change is an indicator of the variability associated with the estimate of the change between two consecutive months, because each monthly estimate is based on a sample rather than the entire population. To construct confidence intervals, the SE is added to an estimate in order to determine the upper limit of this interval, and then subtracted from the estimate to determine the lower limit. Using this method, the true value will fall within one SE of the estimate approximately 68% of the time, and within two standard errors approximately 95% of the time. For example, if the estimated employment level increases by 20,000 from one month to another and the associated SE is 29,000, the true value of the employment change has a 68% chance of falling between -9,000 and +49,000. Because such a confidence interval includes zero, the 20,000 change would not be considered statistically significant. However, if the increase is 30,000, the confidence interval would be +1,000 to +59,000, and the 30,000 increase would be considered statistically significant. (Note that 30,000 is above the SE of 29,000, and that the confidence interval does not include zero.) Similarly, if the estimated employment declines by 30,000, then the true value of the decline would fall between -59,000 and -1,000. See Section 7 of the Guide to the Labour Force Survey for more information. The standard errors presented in this table are the average of standard errors for 12 previous months. They are updated twice a year, in February and August. Note that the estimate of the month-to-month change is not included in this table. It can be calculated by taking the estimate level for one month and subtracting from it the estimate level of the previous month.
The standard error (SE) for the year-over-year change is an indicator of the variability associated with the estimate of the change between a given month in a given year and the same month of the previous year, because each month's estimate is based on a sample rather than the entire population. The SE can be used to construct confidence intervals: it can be added to an estimate in order to determine the upper limit of this interval, and then subtracted from the same estimate to determine the lower limit. Using this method, the true value will fall within one SE of the estimate, approximately 68% of the time, and within two standard errors, approximately 95% of the time. For example, if the estimated employment level increases by 160,000 over 12 months and the associated SE is 55,000, the true value of the change in employment has approximately a 68% chance of falling between +105,000 and +215,000. This change would be considered statistically significant at the 68% level as the confidence interval excludes zero. However, if the increase is 40,000, the interval would be -15,000 to +95,000, and this increase would not be considered statistically significant since the interval includes zero. See Section 7 of the Guide to the Labour Force Survey for more information. The standard errors presented in this table are the average of standard errors for 12 previous months and are updated twice a year, in February and August. Note that estimates of the year-over-year change are not included in the tables. They can be calculated by taking the estimate level for a given month in a given year and subtracting from it the estimate level of the same month in the previous year.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table  282-0135 -  Labour force survey estimates (LFS), by census metropolitan area based on 2011 Census boundaries, 3-month moving average, seasonally adjusted and unadjusted, monthly (persons unless otherwise noted),  CANSIM (database). (accessed: )
Back to search

Add/Remove data

Select the specific items from each step to create your customized CANSIM table.

Step 1- Select: Geography 4  

(46 of 46 items selected)
D1-picklist-container

Step 2- Select: Labour force characteristics  

(1 of 7 items selected)
D2-picklist-container

Step 3- Select: Statistics  

(1 of 4 items selected)
D3-picklist-container

Step 4- Select: Data type  

(1 of 2 items selected)
D4-picklist-container

Step 5 - Select the time frame

By default, only data for the most recent periods available will be retrieved. You may use the lists below to select a different time frame.
Start Period From:
End Period  To: 
(Monthly data)

Step 6 - Select the Screen output format






Step 7

 

Download

Select an option to download data in the desired format.

Option 1 - Download data as displayed in the Data table tab
 

 

 




Option 2 - Download entire table
(Files modified on 2016-05-06)

Convert the data from one frequency to another.

Frequency of output data will be:

When converting frequency by summing or averaging:

Data table will contain:
Note: 
Statistics Canada assumes responsibility for the quality of data as retrieved with the frequency unchanged. Clients take responsibility for any manipulations made to the original data.
Certain series can only be aggregated by specific methods. If the frequency conversion chosen is not allowed, resultant data will appear as "..".
View additional information related to this table.

Related data tables
Employment and unemployment
Display list of  Summary tables derived from this table.

Related publications
View latest article from The Daily related to this table.
View list of related publications.

Additional information on the survey or statistical program


Help

Data table

When first opening a CANSIM table, the data that is shown is considered the initial view. Depending on the size of the CANSIM table, this table might only represent a summary with five reference periods, if available. You can use the Add/Remove data tab to add or remove data.

To download the entire table, select option 2 in the Download tab.

Add/Remove data

The Add/Remove data tab is a pick list where you choose which subset of the selected table you want to work with. There is one scrollable pick list for each dimension in the table and you must select at least one item from each list before selecting Apply.

An All checkbox appears under each dimension title and just above the scrollable list. Level checkboxes will appear for dimensions containing hierarchies. An Expand/Collapse option is available near the scrollable list which lets you open a dimension to see the list of its members/items.

Before proceeding with the request, check the data ranges for which data is available and reduce this range if you wish; data retrievals are faster when the time period is short. Also, you can select one of four options of a screen output format, default being HTML table, times as column.

Once done with your selections, select Apply to view your customized selection, or select Back to original table to return the selections back to the CANSIM initial view that was shown when first opening the table.

Note: There is no guarantee that data exist for every intersection of every dimension; so it is possible that even if you have selected at least one member/item from all the lists you might still be warned that your retrieval contains no series.

Note: If the designation (Terminated) appears at the end of a member/item name that member/item is terminated. Time series attached to a terminated member/item may be revised, but are no longer updated and may not contain data for the most recent time periods. If the entire table is terminated, the mention *TERMINATED* will appear in red after the table title; this indicates that the entire table is no longer being updated.

Tips for selecting members/items:

  • You can select all members/items in a hierarchical level by selecting the corresponding level.

Note: If you receive an error message after selecting your members from the pick list it's either because your request does not contain series or one member/item has not been selected from a dimension.

Manipulate

Statistics Canada assumes responsibility for the quality of data as retrieved with the frequency unchanged. Clients take responsibility for any manipulations made to the original data.

Frequency of output data will be:

The frequency conversion options are particularly useful to convert data from one frequency to another for comparability purposes.

Note: When frequency of data is already of annual frequency or greater, then no frequency conversion options are presented. Certain series can only be aggregated by specific methods. If the frequency conversion chosen is not allowed, resultant data will appear as "..".

Converted to:

The frequency designates how often data observations are published. A table can contain only one frequency. By default, the frequency of output data will be left unchanged.

Frequency can be converted by these choices:

  • Annual average: Conversion by averaging is more appropriate for "balance"-type data such as "Population as of July 1" as well as rates and indexes.
  • Annual sum: Conversion to a sum should not be performed on a rate or index. Conversion by summing is more appropriate for "count"-type data, such as "Number of cars sold" or "Number of births".
  • Quarterly average: Conversion by averaging is more appropriate for "balance"-type data such as "Population as of July 1" as well as rates and indexes.)
  • Quarterly sum: Conversion by summing is more appropriate for "count"-type data, such as "Number of cars sold" or "Number of births".
  • Annual - convert to annual by selecting a specific month or quarter: This type of calculation is most useful when data for a specific sub-annual period (month or quarter) is used to state an annual figure such as "Population as of July 1".

When converting frequency by summing or averaging:

Two choices are offered when converting frequency using either a sum or an average:

  • Use calendar year: This is a normal calendar year starting in January and ending in December.
  • Use fiscal year ending with last month retrieved: The annual non-calendar fiscal year average manipulation permits users to calculate the average value for the last twelve months ending with the most recent reference period selected. In order to complete this calculation, please follow these steps:
    • In the section entitled "Frequency of output data will be:" sub-section "Standard frequency conversion options" select "Annual (average)".
    • In the section "When converting frequency by summing or averaging:" select "Use fiscal year ending with last month retrieved".
    • If you wish the output of your data as a percentage change from the previous year please select "Percent changes, year-to-year" found below "Data table will contain:"

Data table will contain:

Select one of these data transformations options to convert your data:

  • Percent changes, period-over-period: If the frequency of the data is monthly, the calculation would measure the change of the data value in percent between consecutive time periods, (for example: between July 1998 and August 1998.)
  • Percent changes, year-over-year: If the frequency of the data is monthly, the calculation would measure the change of the data value in percent between consecutive years, (for example: between July 1998 and July 1999).
  • Year-to-date sums: Data for each sub-annual period is added consecutively to the previous period showing cumulative sums for each period.
  • Year-to-date average: Data for each sub-annual period is averaged consecutively to the previous period showing cumulative averages for each period.

Note: CANSIM rounds data using statistician's rounding (also known as round-to-even method, unbiased rounding, convergent rounding and banker's rounding) which may differ from rounding methods used by common spreadsheet software.

Statistician's rounding rounds the following way:

  • If the second decimal is larger than 5, the first decimal is incremented by 1 (see example 1).
  • If the second decimal is smaller than 5, the first decimal stays unchanged (see example 2).
  • When the second decimal is exactly 5, the "odd/even" rules apply. The first decimal is incremented by 1 if it is odd (see example 4), and left unchanged if it is even (see example 3).
  • Example:
    1. 4.46 rounded to one decimal equals 4.5
    2. 4.44 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4
    3. 4.45 rounded to one decimal equals 4.4
    4. 4.15 rounded to one decimal equals 4.2

Once you made your selections select the Apply button.

Download

Option 1 - Download data as displayed in the Data table tab

This option downloads your selection and is displayed in the Data table tab or you can modify using the download options.

Three download options are available:

  • Select the language: You have the choice of the English or French language for the textual content.
  • Select the data output format type: You have the choice of the following six format types:
    • time as columns, where the time frame you have selected will be displayed in columns
    • time as rows, where the time frame you have selected will be displayed in rows.
    • for database loading, where you will download a flat format file ready for database loading
    • for database loading with data quality indicators, where you will download a flat format file including data quality indicators
    • time as columns with data quality indicators, where the time frame you have selected will be displayed in columns including data quality indicators
    • time as rows with data quality indicators, where the time frame you have selected will be displayed in rows including data quality indicators
  • Select the file format: you will have the choice of the following two output separator types:
    • CSV (comma-separated values) English spreadsheet is usually used when retrieving English tables with computers having their Regional set to English.

If your objective is to load the data into a spreadsheet package the best choice for output format is a comma-separated values (CSV) file.

Note: CSV and Semicolon-Separated Values (SCSV) files are produced differently whether you perform the retrieval in English or French. This is because, in French, the comma is used to indicate decimals; a different separator (a semicolon) must therefore be used. SCSV files retrieved in French will parse correctly only if the Regional Settings are set to French.

Once you made your selections select the Download data button.

Option 2 - Download entire table

You will have the option to Download entire table as a CSV file or a Beyond 20/20 or SDMX file which will open a new window.

This table represents all of the items in the CANSIM table. To get an initial view (summary) of the CANSIM table, select the Data table tab.

Note: Downloading tables in Beyond 20/20 output format requires the Beyond 20/20 Table Browser.

Once you made your selections select the Download entire table button.

Related information

This page contains links to items related to your CANSIM table. Select the various links to view these related items.

Related data tables

View a list of related CANSIM tables that are related to this CANSIM table.

Related publications

View the latest article from The Daily and a list of related publications from Statistics Canada.

The Daily is Statistics Canada's official release bulletin, the Agency's first line of communication with the media and the public. The Daily issues news releases on current social and economic conditions and announces new products. It provides a comprehensive one-stop overview of new information available from Statistics Canada.

Additional information on the survey or statistical program

Definitions, data sources and methods: Here is where you will find a link to the Integrated Meta Data Base (IMDB) where you may view details for the survey number(s) assigned to the CANSIM table.

The Integrated Meta Data Base (IMDB) contains information about the surveys and statistical programs carried out by Statistics Canada and other agencies to collect assemble process and disseminate statistical information.

The IMDB may be used to find out how data for particular CANSIM tables are collected or to identify contacts for questions on the data or survey methodology. The IMDB contains descriptions of over 450 surveys and statistical programs each identified by a unique four-digit survey number.

After selecting a survey or a program from the list, you may choose to either retrieve the list of CANSIM tables for that survey or program, or consult the IMDB for more information.