Table 102-0563 123151718192021
Leading causes of death, total population, by sex, Canada, provinces and territories (age standardization using 1991 population), *Archived*
annual

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Sex 7 = Both sexes
by Geography, place of residence; by Leading causes of death (ICD-10); by Characteristics; Sex= Both sexes
Leading causes of death, total population, by sex, Canada, provinces and territories (age standardization using 1991 population), annual
Geography, place of residence 456 Leading causes of death (ICD-10) 8910 Characteristics 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
footnotes
Newfoundland and Labrador, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 1,380 1,306 1,328 1,364 1,463
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 987 963 941 965 1,001
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 3 3 3 3
Number of deaths 305 290 266 263 294
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 4 4 4 4
Number of deaths 218 223 215 258 227
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 6 6 6 6 6
Number of deaths 145 156 152 145 158
Prince Edward Island, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 367 313 350 365 374
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 306 274 277 256 281
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 3 3 4 3
Number of deaths 81 70 80 65 64
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 5 4 5 3 4
Number of deaths 51 56 60 71 63
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 5 6 5 5
Number of deaths 64 50 59 45 60
Nova Scotia, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 2,466 2,505 2,605 2,554 2,602
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 1,676 1,663 1,619 1,584 1,757
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 4 4 3 5
Number of deaths 507 486 492 498 476
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 3 3 4 3
Number of deaths 454 506 523 487 550
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 5 5 5 5 4
Number of deaths 436 394 417 447 486
New Brunswick, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 1,927 1,802 1,790 1,843 1,901
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 1,303 1,314 1,314 1,292 1,334
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 3 4 3 3
Number of deaths 355 341 345 376 359
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 4 3 4 4
Number of deaths 345 320 354 303 347
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 5 5 5 5 5
Number of deaths 276 304 290 284 278
Quebec, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 19,094 19,403 19,697 20,357 20,155
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 10,974 11,186 10,650 11,006 10,887
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 3 4 4 4
Number of deaths 2,785 2,768 2,680 2,645 2,878
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 4 3 3 3
Number of deaths 2,839 2,736 2,791 2,906 3,193
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 6 6 5 6 5
Number of deaths 2,028 2,180 2,207 2,176 2,310
Ontario, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 26,117 26,628 27,052 27,378 27,601
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 18,494 17,983 17,785 17,970 18,608
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 3 3 3 3
Number of deaths 5,451 5,315 4,965 4,917 4,940
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 5 5 5 5 5
Number of deaths 3,718 3,684 3,841 3,819 4,037
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 4 4 4 4
Number of deaths 3,881 4,283 4,245 4,491 4,594
Manitoba, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 2,678 2,688 2,659 2,693 2,697
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 2,064 2,099 2,126 2,121 2,109
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 3 3 3 3
Number of deaths 660 651 599 610 608
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 5 5 5 5 5
Number of deaths 412 421 437 422 443
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 4 4 4 4
Number of deaths 529 514 542 538 518
Saskatchewan, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 2,214 2,311 2,272 2,283 2,324
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 2,010 2,058 1,988 2,030 2,033
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 4 3 4 3
Number of deaths 533 482 557 510 489
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 5 5 5 5 5
Number of deaths 365 403 412 385 417
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 3 4 3 4
Number of deaths 499 538 528 535 478
Alberta, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 5,772 5,649 5,677 5,961 6,181
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 4,908 4,785 4,868 4,991 5,213
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 3 3 3 3
Number of deaths 1,171 1,096 1,144 1,126 1,117
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 5 4 4 4
Number of deaths 925 913 1,043 1,021 1,097
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 5 4 5 5 5
Number of deaths 900 917 874 954 997
British Columbia, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 8,957 9,121 9,149 9,405 9,653
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 6,476 6,359 6,261 6,384 6,577
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 3 3 3 3
Number of deaths 2,240 2,188 2,182 2,142 2,154
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 5 5 5 4
Number of deaths 1,502 1,461 1,536 1,422 1,566
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 5 4 4 4 5
Number of deaths 1,423 1,485 1,607 1,620 1,521
Yukon, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 63 68 59 67 71
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 27 30 36 33 33
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 5 4 5 5 6
Number of deaths 8 10 8 7 7
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 4 4 4 4
Number of deaths 10 10 12 13 9
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 3 3 3 3
Number of deaths 27 19 15 14 16
Northwest Territories, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 1
Number of deaths 45 62 55 53 51
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 2 2 2 2 2
Number of deaths 35 32 32 33 35
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 6 6 4 4 5
Number of deaths 7 6 10 10 8
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 4 6 5 4
Number of deaths 9 10 5 9 17
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 3 3 3 3
Number of deaths 21 15 12 20 20
Nunavut, place of residence Malignant neoplasms [C00-C97] Rank of leading causes of death 12 1 1 1 1 2
Number of deaths 43 26 43 38 39
Diseases of heart [I00-I09,  I11,  I13,  I20-I51] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 4 3 4 3
Number of deaths 11 11 14 16 23
Cerebrovascular diseases [I60-I69] Rank of leading causes of death 12 11 7 9 7 6
Number of deaths 2 3 4 5 6
Chronic lower respiratory diseases [J40-J47] Rank of leading causes of death 12 4 3 3 5 5
Number of deaths 11 14 14 14 10
Accidents (unintentional injuries) [V01-X59,  Y85-Y86] Rank of leading causes of death 12 3 4 5 3 4
Number of deaths 18 11 13 21 16


Note: The 1991 Canadian population is used as the standard population for the calculation of the age-standardized mortality rates presented in this table. For age-standardized mortality rates using the 2011 Canadian Census of Population, see CANSIM table 102-0564. Inconsistencies in mortality rates between tables 102-0552 and 102-0563 were corrected with the release of the 2013 data on March 9th, 2017. Prior to the correction, table 102-0563 treated decedents with missing age as age 90+ years, thus artificially increasing the number of elderly decedents and contributing to increased mortality rates. These cases are now excluded when calculating the rates. The error affected only the years 2000 to 2009. To ensure consistency, the rates for both tables were recalculated.

Footnotes:

Sources: Statistics Canada, Canadian Vital Statistics, Death Database and population estimates
Death refers to the permanent disappearance of all evidence of life at any time after a live birth has taken place. Stillbirths are excluded.
The following standard symbols are used in this Statistics Canada table: (..) for figures not available for a specific reference period, (...) for figures not applicable and (x) for figures suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.
The geographic distribution of deaths in this table is based on the deceased's usual place of residence.
Counts in this table exclude deaths of non-residents of Canada.
The category "Canada" includes deaths with unknown province or territory of residence in Canada.
For data year 2000 to 2009, missing data on sex of the deceased were imputed based on death registration number. Starting with 2010 data year, missing data on sex of the deceased were imputed based on the cause of death information and a logistic regression.
The cause of death tabulated is the underlying cause of death. This is defined as (a) the disease or injury which initiated the train of events leading directly to death, or (b) the circumstances of the accident or violence which produced the fatal injury. The underlying cause is selected from the conditions listed on the medical certificate of cause of death.
World Health Organization (WHO), International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10).
The list for ranking leading causes of death that is used in this table is based on the list that was developed and that is been used by the National Center for Health Statistics of the United States in their annual report on leading causes of death.
"Other causes of death" is a residual category, which includes all causes of death that are not part of the 50 leading causes of death list.
The ranking of the leading causes of death is based on the number of deaths.
For data year 2000 to 2009, the population estimates used to calculate the mortality rates are presented in the Appendix 3 of the publication "Leading Causes of Death in Canada" (catalogue number 84-215-XIE).
Starting with the 2010 data year, information regarding the population estimates used for the mortality rate calculations is found in the "Data sources" entry for survey number 3233.
The totals (all causes of death) by age group and/ or sex presented in this table may not reflect those given in CANSIM tables 102-0501 to 102-0510, 102-0030 due to the correction of age or sex information that was inconsistent with the underlying cause of death.
During the production of each year's birth/death/stillbirth statistics, data from previous years may be revised to reflect any updates or changes that have been received from the provincial and territorial vital statistics registrars.
Starting with the 2013 reference year, information regarding new and terminated cause of death codes, as well as any changes to the cause of death descriptions, are available upon request; please contact Statistics Canada's Statistical Information Service (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@Canada.ca).
The 1991 Canadian population is used as the standard population for the calculation of the age-standardized mortality rates presented in this table. Age-standardization removes the effects of differences in the age structure of populations among areas and over time. Age-standardized mortality rates show the number of deaths per 1,000 population (or 100,000 population) that would have occurred in a given area if the age structure of the population of that area was the same as the age structure of a specified standard population. For age-standardized mortality rates using the 2011 Canadian Census of Population, see CANSIM table 102-0564. Further information on age-standardized mortality rates can be found in Vital Statistics Death Database - Glossary (http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb-bmdi/document/3233_D4_T9_V1-eng.htm).
Starting with the 2013 reference year, a new coding system was used to select the underlying cause of death. For more information or to obtain documentation regarding the impact of this change, please contact Statistics Canada's Statistical Information Service (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; STATCAN.infostats-infostats.STATCAN@Canada.ca).
Inconsistencies in mortality rates between tables 102-0552 and 102-0563 were corrected with the release of the 2013 data on March 9th, 2017. Prior to the correction, table 102-0563 treated decedents with missing age as age 90+ years, thus artificially increasing the number of elderly decedents and contributing to increased mortality rates. These cases are now excluded when calculating the rates. The error affected only the years 2000 to 2009. To ensure consistency, the rates for both tables were recalculated.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table  102-0563 -  Leading causes of death, total population, by sex, Canada, provinces and territories (age standardization using 1991 population), annual,  CANSIM (database). (accessed: )
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